Most genuine emeralds being sold on the market commonly undergo several treatments to enhance the clarity of the stone. The reason for this is that emeralds are naturally filled with fissures and cracks, which make them look less attractive until they are treated. These cracks are often filled using natural materials, such as oils, waxes or resins.
Lovely Loose Emeralds: Perfect or Fake?
Before purchasing loose emeralds, take note of a number of important characteristics that will help you identify a fake.
- It is perfectly flawless? – Fake emeralds are often flawless. This may sound strange as you might assume the opposite, but bear in mind that genuine emerald stones do have natural flaws, which will be apparent under magnification. If the loose emeralds you are considering appear to be flawless, this should be a warning sign. Real emeralds naturally have cracks and fissures that are treated with oils to achieve a more presentable appearance. Emeralds are natural gems created by Mother Nature and found deep within the earth, and as such are not “perfect.” It is extremely rare to find an emerald that is flawless, as these gems are known to have a dusty or cloudy appearance.
- It is flashy – Real gems, like diamonds, display flashes of light or spectral hues when placed under white light. The spectral hues found in natural emeralds aren’t as flashy as those of diamonds. Therefore, if the loose emeralds appear flashy, they are quite likely not the real thing.
Natural emeralds have a low light distribution, so the spectral hues are minimal. In addition, loose emeralds often aren’t yet cut to a specific shape, so at that point the brilliance of the stone won’t show. If the gem is too flashy, even despite an imperfect shape, then it could be a fake.
- It does not have a unique fingerprint – Use a 10x magnifier to examine the stone. All genuine emeralds and other gems naturally contain a unique pattern, which can be made up of anything from bubbles to “fissures and feathers” that indicate the stone’s uniqueness. Fake emeralds won’t have these unique gem fingerprints, as they can only be created when the stone was produced through natural processes deep in the earth.
- It has the same color as another stone – Natural emeralds come in a variety of green hues. Lab-created imitation emeralds, on the other hand, display a vivid green color that usually matches other stones perfectly. If you notice that all the stones you are looking at have the exact same green hue, it is very likely that these are not genuine emeralds.
- It is dense – Although it would be difficult to compare the density of stones, fake emeralds are often denser than natural ones. Therefore, if you find the stone is particularly dense, chances are it may not be real.
Know Your Real Emeralds
Knowing how to spot fake loose emeralds is crucial, especially if you suspect you could be tricked into purchasing a lab-created emerald for the price of a natural one. Be sure to select and purchase your quality loose emeralds only from a reputable dealer.
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